Pecan Tree Care
Chances are you didn’t accidently stumble across this site about pecan tree care, but rather are here because you have come to the realization that pecan trees require attentive care and maintenance to thrive. Pecan trees are imperfect trees which cannot simply be planted and left to fend for themselves. Unmanaged pecan trees, if not cared for properly, tend to become unsightly, unpruned bushes with inferior or even worse…no pecans.
There are thousands of pecan trees surrounding urban and rural dwellings. These trees can enhance the environment by providing shade and additional income from the sale of nuts. Some of these trees are not profitable because of their susceptibility to disease, particularly scab. Many produce inferior nuts. Thus, choosing a variety of pecan tree that is suitable for your location is extremely important.
Pecan Tree Varieties
The first consideration after you’ve decided to put in pecans is the choice of varieties. There are numerous pecan varieties from which to choose, but only a few are suitable for yard-tree planting. The primary reason is that many home gardeners will not be able to spray to control destructive diseases. Fortunately, there are scab-resistant varieties which produce high-quality kernels. The varieties recommended for yard-tree plantings are Stuart, Gloria Grande, and Curtis, Elliott, and Sumner. To ensure good pollination, plant at least two varieties. This is especially important for areas with few surrounding pecan trees. In areas where pecans are common, pollination isn’t usually a problem.
Tree site is very important because of the ultimate size the pecan tree will reach. Plant the pecan trees well away from the residence and other buildings. Perhaps the biggest obstacle to avoid is overhead power lines. Space the trees at least 60 to 80 feet apart so they will not crowd as they reach maturity. Crowding can cause misshapen trees and decreased production in shaded areas. Unlike commercial situations, yard-trees should be spaced far enough apart so they’ll never need removing.
Caring for the Young Trees
Watering Pecan Trees
The primary after-care chore for successfully growing pecan trees is to supply the trees’ moisture needs for the first two or three years. The basic reason for this is that most young trees have lost a large percentage of their roots during digging and transplanting. This limited root system must be supplied regularly to meet the needs of the top. Apply 10 to 15 gallons of water at regular weekly intervals, either by rainfall or irrigation. This is one chore that must not be neglected.
Fertilizing Pecan Trees
Young pecan trees should make from two to four feet of terminal growth each year. Where growth is less, apply one pound of ammonium sulfate fertilizer per inch of trunk diameter in June or July.
Pecan Tree Care - An all inclusive, easy to read, step by step book written by a twenty-year veteran pecan farmer. All the information you will ever need to know to grow healthy pecan trees!